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Sustainability Accounting
Standards Board
(SASB) Index

Topic Metric Category Unit of Measure Code Response/Comment
Activity Metrics Metric: Number of vehicles manufactured Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Number Code: TR-AU-000.A Response/Comment: 6,130,748
Metric: Number of vehicles sold Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Number Code: TR-AU-000.B Response/Comment: 6,829,000 (2020 10-K page 2)
Topic: Product Safety Metric: Percentage of vehicle models rated by NCAP programs with an overall 5-star safety rating, by region Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Percentage (%) of rated vehicles Code: TR-AU-250a.1 Response/Comment: US—56%
South Korea—71%
Asean Region—50%
Latin America—31%
Metric: Number of safety-related defect complaints; percentage investigated Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Number,
Percentage (%)
Code: TR-AU-250a.2 Response/Comment: There were 3,345 submissions to our internal Speak Up For Safety program in 2020. All submissions are investigated.
Metric: Number of vehicles recalled Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Number Code: TR-AU-250a.3 Response/Comment: 1.8 million
Topic: Labor Practices Metric: Percentage of active workforce covered under collective-bargaining agreements Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Percentage (%) Code: TR-AU-310a.1 Response/Comment: 64% global
Metric: Number of (1) work stoppages and (2) total days idle Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Number, Days Code: TR-AU-310a.2 Response/Comment: There were zero work stoppages and lockouts in all regions.
Topic: Fuel Economy & Use-phase Emissions Metric: Sales‑weighted average passenger fleet fuel economy, by region Category: Qualitative Unit of Measure: Mpg, L/km, gCO2/km, km/L

Average F/E calculated by model year as required for regulatory purposes.
Code: TR-AU-410a.1 Response/Comment:
2016 2017 2018 2019
USA 197 gCO2/km 191 gCO2/km 189 gCO2/km 193 gCO2/km
China 159 L/km 151 L/km 152 L/km 144 L/km
Brazil 123 gCO2/km 124 gCO2/km 122 gCO2/km 121 gCO2/km
*2020 data available in June 2021
Metric: Number of (1) zero emission vehicles (ZEV) sold, (2) hybrid vehicles sold, and (3) plug-in hybrid vehicles sold Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Vehicle units sold Code: TR-AU-410a.2 Response/Comment:
2017 2018 2019 2020
ZEV 29,348 61,473 111,950 202,487
Hybrid 34,596 24,697 22,575 202
Plug-In Hybrid 34,276 29,209 6,868 2,227
Metric: Discussion of strategy for managing fleet fuel economy and emissions risks and opportunities Category: Discussion and Analysis Code: TR-AU-410a.3 Response/Comment: Reducing Carbon Emissions; CDP Climate Change 2020
Topic: Materials Sourcing Metric: Description of the management of risks associated with the use of critical materials Category:   Code: TR-AU-440a.1 Response/Comment: As we develop electric vehicles, we are mindful of the raw materials necessary to support their deployment on a commercial scale. As with all raw material inputs for our vehicles, some of these materials involve inherently higher risks, such as cost, supply availability, reputational and human rights risks. The identification of these risks is part our product development process, and we work to reduce these risks through a variety of methods, including re-engineering of components, supplier diversification, and reuse and recycling efforts.

See also:

Designing for the Environment—Sustainable Materials

Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Risks, Raw Materials Sourcing
Topic: Material Efficiency & Recycling Metric: Total amount of waste from manufacturing, percentage recycled Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Metric tons (t),
Percentage (%)
Code: TR-AU-440b.1 Response/Comment: Includes hazardous and nonhazardous waste from manufacturing operations and some nonmanufacturing and JV facilities, excluding event waste from construction, demolition and remediation. Event waste is recycled to the greatest extent possible and tracked separately. Waste figures may also include vendor tooling used to produce proprietary GM parts.
Disposal Method
(in metric tons to the nearest whole number)
Total Hazardous Nonhazardous
Reuse 51,907 912 50,995
Recycling 1,119,199 9,853 1,109,345
Composting 4,086 22 4,064
Recovery including energy recovery 46,440 17,401 29,039
Incinerating (mass burn) 16,621 10,894 5,727
Deep well injection 0 0 0
Landfill 159,818 1,909 157,909
On-site storage 0 0 0
Other (includes microwaving, enclaves, plasma processing and other treatments) 11,771 4,140 7,631
Total 1,409,841 45,131 1,364,710
Metric: Weight of end-of-life material recovered, percentage recycled Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Metric tons (t), Percentage (%)

Percentage is weight of recovered and recycled EOL material divided by total EOL recovered material.
Code: TR-AU-440b.2 Response/Comment: GM does not compile this information outside of the EU where the End of Life Vehicle (ELV) law requires OEMs to have programs to retrieve and recycle our vehicles. No other region of sale has this requirement. However, the automobile is considered the most reused and recycled product in the marketplace. In North America and other regions, there is a well-established automotive dismantling industry that manages this activity. Per the Automotive Recyclers Association, professional automotive recycling industry recycles over 4 million motor vehicles annually in the U.S. and Canada alone. The U.S. automotive recycling industry employs over 140,000 people in the United States at more than 9,000 locations around the country, generating $32 billion in sales nationwide. Per The Balance Small Business Sustainable Businesses /Metal Recycling website*, each year, over 25 million tons of materials are recycled from old vehicles.
Metric: Average recyclability of vehicles sold, by weight Category: Quantitative Unit of Measure: Percentage (%) by sales‑weighted weight (metric tons)

Percentage is weight of components/
materials in vehicle sold that are recyclable divided by total weight of all vehicles sold.
Code: TR-AU-440b.3 Response/Comment: We enable, by mass, more than 85% reuse or recycling of our current vehicles at the end of their life.

*Auto or Car Recycling Facts and Figures, Facts about car or automobile recycling, by Rick Leblanc updated September 09, 2016.