Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) Index

Our 2018 report marks the second time that GM has reported to the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board framework (SASB). SASB connects businesses and investors on the financial impacts of sustainability. Currently, we do not track all metrics included in the Transportation Standards but look forward to including more data in the future.

  Metric Category Unit of Measure Code Response/Comment
Number of vehicles manufactured Quantitative Number TR-AU-000.A 8,459,236
  Number of vehicles sold Quantitative Number TR-AU-000.B 8,384,000 (10-K page 2)
Topic Metric Category Unit of Measure Code Response/Comment
Product Safety Percentage of vehicle models rated by NCAP programs with an overall 5-star safety rating, by region Qualitative Percentage (%) of rated vehicles TR-AU-250a.1 US – 73%
China – 83%
Australiasia – 100%
South Korea – 75%
ASEAN – 50%
Number of safety-related defect complaints, percentage investigated Quantitative Number, Percentage (%) TR-AU-250a.2 There were 5,333 submissions to our internal Speak Up For Safety program in 2018. All submissions are investigated.
Number of vehicles recalled Quantitative Number TR-AU-250a.3 4.23 million
Labor Practices Percentage of active workforce covered under collective- bargaining agreements Quantitative Percentage (%) TR-AU-310a.1 63%
Number of (1) work stoppages and (2) total days idle Quantitative Number, Days TR-AU-310a.2 There were two work stoppages in 2018, a lockout in Brazil for two days and one incident in Argentina for 2.5 days.
Fuel Economy & Use-phase Emissions Sales-weighted average passenger fleet fuel economy, by region Qualitative Mpg, L/km, gCO2/km, km/L
Methodology: Average F/E calculated by model year as required for regulatory purposes.
TR-AU-410a.1 USA: 191 gCO2/km
China: 6.46 L/km
Brazil: 122 gCO2/km
Number of (1) zero emission vehicles (ZEV) sold, (2) hybrid vehicles sold, and (3) plug-in hybrid vehicles sold Qualitative Vehicle units sold TR-AU-410a.2 ZEV—61,473
Plug-In Hybrid—29,209
Discussion of strategy for managing fleet fuel economy and emissions risks and opportunities Discussion and Analysis   TR-AU-410a.3 Aspire > Sustainability Strategy
Product > Management Approach
Materials Sourcing Description of the management of risks associated with the use of critical materials Discussion and Analysis   TR-AU-440a.1 As we develop electric vehicles, we are mindful of the raw materials necessary to support their deployment on a commercial scale. As with all raw material inputs for our vehicles, some of these materials involve inherently higher risks, such as cost, supply availability and reputational risks. The identification of these risks is part our product development process, and we work to reduce these risks through a variety of methods, including re-engineering of components, supplier diversification, and reuse and recycling efforts.
Material Efficiency & Recycling Total amount of waste from manufacturing, percentage recycled Qualitative Metric tons (t),
Percentage (%)
TR-AU-440b.1 Includes hazardous and nonhazardous waste from manufacturing operations and some nonmanufacturing and JV facilities, excluding event waste from construction, demolition and remediation. Event waste is recycled to the greatest extent possible and tracked separately. Waste figures may also include vendor tooling used to produce proprietary GM parts.
k-tons to the nearest whole number
Reuse 86
Recycling 1,750
Composting 7
Recovery, including energy recovery 102
Deep well injection 0
Landfill 317
On-site storage 0
Other 21
Weight of end-of-life material recovered; percentage recycled Qualitative Metric tons (t), Percentage (%)
Methodology: Percentage is weight of recovered and recycled EOL material divided by total EOL recovered material.
TR-AU-440b.2 GM does not compile this information outside of the EU where the End of Life Vehicle (ELV) law requires OEMs to have programs to retrieve and recycle our vehicles. No other region of sale has this requirement. However, the automobile is considered the most reused and recycled product in the marketplace. In North America and other regions, there is a well-established automotive dismantling industry that manages this activity. Per the Automotive Recyclers Association, professional automotive recycling industry recycles over 4 million motor vehicles annually in the U.S. and Canada alone. The U.S. automotive recycling industry employs over 140,000 people in the United States at more than 9,000 locations around the country, generating $32 billion in sales nationwide. Per The Balance Small Business SUSTAINABLE BUSINESSES /METAL RECYCLING website*, each year, over 25 million tons of materials are recycled from old vehicles.

*Auto or Car Recycling Facts and Figures, Facts about car or automobile recycling, BY RICK LEBLANC Updated September 09, 2016
Average recyclability of vehicles sold, by weight Qualitative Percentage (%) by sales- weighted weight (metric tons)
Methodology: percentage is weight of components/materials in vehicle sold that are recyclable divided by total weight of all vehicles sold.
TR-AU-440b.3 On average, our vehicles are approximately 85% recyclable and 95% recoverable by weight.