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Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Content Index

This report has been prepared according to GRI Standards: Comprehensive Option.

GRI Standards
Disclosure
Number
Disclosure
Title
Reference/Response
GRI 102: General Disclosures
Organizational Profile
Disclosure Number: 102-1 Disclosure Title: Name of the organization Reference/Response: General Motors
Disclosure Number: 102-2 Disclosure Title: Activities, brands, products, and services Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, page 1
Disclosure Number: 102-3 Disclosure Title: Location of headquarters Reference/Response: Detroit, Michigan
Disclosure Number: 102-4 Disclosure Title: Location of operations Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 2, 21
Disclosure Number: 102-5 Disclosure Title: Ownership and legal form Reference/Response: General Motors is a publicly held corporation incorporated in the state of Delaware. Our shares trade on the New York Stock Exchange and Toronto Stock Exchange.
Disclosure Number: 102-6 Disclosure Title: Markets served Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 2-3
Disclosure Number: 102-7 Disclosure Title: Scale of the organization Reference/Response: ESG Data Center, 2020 Form 10-K, pages 51, 52, 77
Disclosure Number: 102-8 Disclosure Title: Information on employees and other workers Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—GM Workforce Profile
The majority of our workforce is comprised of GM employees.
There are no significant variations in employment numbers.
Disclosure Number: 102-9 Disclosure Title: Supply chain Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 102-10 Disclosure Title: Significant changes to the organization and its supply chain Reference/Response: There were no significant changes to the organization and its supply chain in 2020.
Disclosure Number: 102-11 Disclosure Title: Precautionary Principle or approach Reference/Response: GM does not follow the precautionary approach, but has a comprehensive risk management plan in place.
Disclosure Number: 102-12 Disclosure Title: External initiatives Reference/Response: Representative Examples:
Business Ambition Pledge for 1.5°C
CEO Water Mandate
RE100
CDP
Business for Innovation Climate & Energy Policy (BICEP) Coalition
United Nations Global Compact
U.S. Business for Climate Action
Disclosure Number: 102-13 Disclosure Title: Membership of associations Reference/Response: We work with automotive industry groups in many countries in which we operate, including, but not limited to Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (AAM) and China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). Examples of other associations we work with include the Engine Manufacturers Association, Diesel Technology Forum, Electric Drive Transportation Association and the Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association.
Strategy
Disclosure Number: 102-14 Disclosure Title: Statement from senior decision-maker Reference/Response: ESG Management—Leadership Message
Disclosure Number: 102-15 Disclosure Title: Key impacts, risks, and opportunities Reference/Response: ESG Management—Leadership Message, Our Strategy; ESG Governance—Public Policy, Ethics & Human Rights, Cybersecurity; Reducing Carbon Emissions; Transforming Mobility
2020 Form 10-K, pages 13-20; CDP Climate Change 2020
Ethics and Integrity
Disclosure Number: 102-16 Disclosure Title: Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior Reference/Response: ESG Management—Our Vision, Our Values; ESG Governance—Ethics—Code of Conduct
Code of Conduct; Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 102-17 Disclosure Title: Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics—Code of Conduct, Reporting Concerns;
Code of Conduct; Supplier Code of Conduct
Governance
Disclosure Number: 102-18 Disclosure Title: Governance structure Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 102-19 Disclosure Title: Delegating authority Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance—ESG Governance and Oversight
Disclosure Number: 102-20 Disclosure Title: Executive-level responsibility for economic, environmental, and social topics Reference/Response: ESG Management—Strategy; ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 102-21 Disclosure Title: Consulting stakeholders on economic, environmental, and social topics Reference/Response: ESG Management—Stakeholder Engagement
2021 Proxy, pages 27-28
Disclosure Number: 102-22 Disclosure Title: Composition of the highest governance body and its committees Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
2021 Proxy Statement, pages 2-10
Disclosure Number: 102-23 Disclosure Title: Chair of the highest governance body Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 102-24 Disclosure Title: Nominating and selecting the highest governance body Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 2-10, 16-18
Disclosure Number: 102-25 Disclosure Title: Conflicts of interest Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 25-26; General Motors Company Board of Directors Corporate Governance Guidelines pages 7-9, 11
Disclosure Number: 102-26 Disclosure Title: Role of highest governance body in setting purpose, values, and strategy Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 23-24
Disclosure Number: 102-27 Disclosure Title: Collective knowledge of highest governance body Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 2-10, 27
Disclosure Number: 102-28 Disclosure Title: Evaluating the highest governance body’s performance Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
2021 Proxy Statement, page 26; General Motors Company Board of Directors Corporate Governance Guidelines, page 11
Disclosure Number: 102-29 Disclosure Title: Identifying and managing economic, environmental, and social impacts Reference/Response: ESG Management—Strategy; ESG Governance—Corporate Governance 2021 Proxy, pages 27-28
Disclosure Number: 102-30 Disclosure Title: Effectiveness of risk management processes Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
2021 Proxy Statement, pages 23-24
Disclosure Number: 102-31 Disclosure Title: Review of economic, environmental, and social topics Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
2021 Proxy Statement, page 20
Disclosure Number: 102-32 Disclosure Title: Highest governance body’s role in sustainability reporting Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 102-33 Disclosure Title: Communicating critical concerns Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, page 29
Disclosure Number: 102-34 Disclosure Title: Nature and total number of critical concerns Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 27-28, 88-96
Disclosure Number: 102-35 Disclosure Title: Remuneration policies Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 11-14, 41-84; General Motors Company Board of Directors Corporate Governance Guidelines, page 10
Disclosure Number: 102-36 Disclosure Title: Process for determining remuneration Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, pages 11-14, 41-84; General Motors Company Board of Directors Corporate Governance Guidelines, page 10
Disclosure Number: 102-37 Disclosure Title: Stakeholders’ involvement in remuneration Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, page 44
Disclosure Number: 102-38 Disclosure Title: Annual total compensation ratio Reference/Response: 2020 Proxy Statement, page 83
Disclosure Number: 102-39 Disclosure Title: Percentage increase in annual total compensation ratio Reference/Response: 2021 Proxy Statement, page 83; 2020 Proxy Statement, page 73
Stakeholder Engagement
Disclosure Number: 102-40 Disclosure Title: List of stakeholder groups Reference/Response: ESG Management—Stakeholder Engagement
Disclosure Number: 102-41 Disclosure Title: Collective bargaining agreements Reference/Response: 2021 Form 10-K, page 12
Disclosure Number: 102-42 Disclosure Title: Identifying and selecting stakeholders Reference/Response: ESG Management—Stakeholder Engagement
Disclosure Number: 102-43 Disclosure Title: Approach to stakeholder engagement Reference/Response: ESG Management—Stakeholder Engagement
Disclosure Number: 102-44 Disclosure Title: Key topics and concerns raised Reference/Response: ESG Management—Stakeholder Engagement 2021 Proxy, pages 27-28
Reporting Practice
Disclosure Number: 102-45 Disclosure Title: Entities included in the consolidated financial statements Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, page 1
Disclosure Number: 102-46 Disclosure Title: Defining report content and topic Boundaries Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-47 Disclosure Title: List of material topics Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-48 Disclosure Title: Restatements of information Reference/Response: Any restatements, and reasons for such, are footnoted as part of the data presentation within the body of the report.
Disclosure Number: 102-49 Disclosure Title: Changes in reporting Reference/Response: Changes have been noted in footnotes where applicable.
Disclosure Number: 102-50 Disclosure Title: Reporting period Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-51 Disclosure Title: Date of most recent report Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-52 Disclosure Title: Reporting cycle Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-53 Disclosure Title: Contact point for questions regarding the report Reference/Response: gm.sustainability@gm.com
Disclosure Number: 102-54 Disclosure Title: Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-55 Disclosure Title: GRI content index Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
Disclosure Number: 102-56 Disclosure Title: External assurance Reference/Response: ESG Management—Reporting Practices
GRI 200: Economic
GRI 201: Economic Performance
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 23-43
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 23-43
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 23-43
Disclosure Number: 201-1 Disclosure Title: Direct economic value generated and distributed Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, pages 50, 53
Disclosure Number: 201-2 Disclosure Title: Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
2020 Form 10-K, pages 13-20
Disclosure Number: 201-3 Disclosure Title: Defined benefit plan obligations and other retirement plans Reference/Response: 2020 Form 10-K, page 59
Disclosure Number: 201-4 Disclosure Title: Financial assistance received from government Reference/Response: GM did not receive any significant financial assistance from any government in 2020.
GRI 203: Indirect Economic Impacts
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 203-2 Disclosure Title: Significant indirect economic impacts Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
GRI 204: Procurement Practices
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 204-1 Disclosure Title: Proportion of spending on local suppliers Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Localization
The term “local suppliers” refers to suppliers operating in the country where a GM plant is located.
GRI 205: Anti-corruption
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics
Disclosure Number: 205-1 Disclosure Title: Operations assessed for risks related to corruption Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics
All operations are assessed for risks related to corruption. No significant risks have been identified.
Disclosure Number: 205-2 Disclosure Title: Communication and training about anti-corruption policies and procedures Reference/Response: ESG Management—Ethics—Ethics Training and Education
Disclosure Number: 205-3 Disclosure Title: Confirmed incidents of corruption and actions taken Reference/Response: Allegations of corruption/bribery are formally investigated to conclusion. The investigation results are provided to pertinent stakeholders for remediation and corrective action.
GRI 300: Environmental
GRI 301: Materials
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Sustainable Materials
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Sustainable Materials
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Sustainable Materials
Disclosure Number: 301-2 Disclosure Title: Recycled input materials used Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Sustainable Materials
GRI 302: Energy
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 302-1 Disclosure Title: Energy consumption within the organization Reference/Response:
Energy Consumption GJ Comment
Energy Consumption: Total fuel consumption from nonrenewable sources GJ: 2016: 34,444,439
2017: 30,313,931
2018: 30,069,475
2019: 27,112,428
2020: 21,637,064
Comment: Includes all facility fuel for process and facility heat. Includes Natural Gas, LPG, Coke, Oil and Diesel. Does not include landfill gas.
Energy Consumption: Total fuel consumption from renewable sources GJ: 2016: 2,981,123
2017: 1,118,454
2018: 1,100,142
2019: 6,535,854
2020: 860,141
Comment: Includes landfill gas use and renewable electricity generated from solar and wind or purchased under a Purchase Power Agreement
Energy Consumption: Total electricity consumption GJ: 2016: 33,364,403
2017: 29,778,155
2018: 29,721,928
2019: 21,029,706
2020: 21,749,775
Comment: Nonrenewable electricity
Energy Consumption: Heating consumption GJ: N/A Comment: Included in total fuel consumption
Energy Consumption: Cooling consumption GJ: N/A Comment: Included in electricity
Energy Consumption: Steam consumption GJ: 2016: 4,105,376
2017: 1,610,934
2018: 2,124,961
2019: 1,664,478
2020: 1,113,784
Comment: Purchased steam and delivered heat, including purchased steam from renewable sources
Energy Consumption: Electricity sold GJ: 2017: 20,232
Energy Consumption: Heating sold GJ: N/A
Energy Consumption: Cooling sold GJ: N/A
Energy Consumption: Steam sold GJ: N/A
Energy Consumption: Total energy consumption GJ: 2016: 74,895,341
2017: 62,801,243
2018: 63,016,506
2019: 56,342,466
2020: 45,407,476
Disclosure Number: 302-2 Disclosure Title: Energy consumption outside of the organization Reference/Response: 1,283,882,121 GJ
Disclosure Number: 302-3 Disclosure Title: Energy intensity Reference/Response: 2.06 MWh/vehicle
This is based on the production of 6,130,748 vehicles and includes all of our energy sources. The boundary for this is within the scope of our organization.
Disclosure Number: 302-4 Disclosure Title: Reduction of energy consumption Reference/Response: 1,996,002 GJ
All types of facility energy were included in the reductions. The basis for calculation is absolute reduction from activities in 2020. Standards, methodologies and assumptions used were good engineering practices.
Disclosure Number: 302-5 Disclosure Title: Reductions in energy requirements of products and services Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Impact—Vehicle Emissions 1,007,339 GJ
Reductions in energy consumption of our products can be contributed to the addition of electric vehicles in China and increased production of electric vehicles versus internal combustion engine vehicles. Rationale for this calculation includes increased efficiencies of Chevrolet Bolt EV; Volt as compared to Chevrolet Cruze; Buick Velite as compared to Buick Regal TourX; and Bajoun E100 and E200 as compared to Spark; all base year products. Standards, methodologies, assumptions and calculation tools used can be found at https://www.fueleconomy.gov. Total life cycle GJ is calculated over 10 years. Total GHG emissions avoided is 630,239 metric tons
GRI 303: Water and Effluents
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Water Stewardship
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Water Stewardship
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Water Stewardship
Disclosure Number: 303-1 Disclosure Title: Interactions with water as a shared resource Reference/Response: A combination of municipal, wells, rainwater, surface and reuse are sources of GM’s water use. Water is critical to automobile production and to building occupants for drinking water and hygiene. Local facility knowledge provides information on water supply impacts for current operations, and we engage in the use of WRI Aqueduct for future forecasting. Risks in current operations are mitigated with either alternate supply or water reuse working with local utilities. GM engages with over 300 suppliers through CDP Water Supply Chain and other organizations like AIAG. Company goals were set to continuously improve and reduce intensity from 2010 to 2020 by 15%. Water is integrated into our business plan, and each facility has a target for year-over-year improvement.
Disclosure Number: 303-2 Disclosure Title: Management of water discharge-related impacts Reference/Response: General Motors maintains an environmental performance criteria document on water pollution control (EPC-003). Within this document, minimum concentration-based performance requirements are defined for wastewater discharge to surface water and for wastewater discharges to external wastewater systems. Where local permit limits are more stringent, those supersede the GM requirements. Where no permit limit is provided, the performance requirements are used.
Disclosure Number: 303-3 Disclosure Title: Water withdrawal Reference/Response:
Total water withdrawal from all areas, by source Megaliters
Surface water 0
Groundwater 2,572
Seawater 0
Produced Water 0
Third-party water 22,982
Total water withdrawal from all areas with water stress, by source Megaliters
Surface Water 0
Groundwater 875
Seawater 0
Produced water 0
Third-party water 1,083
Total water withdrawal by source Megaliters
Freshwater (≤1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids) 22,982
Other water (>1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids) 2,572
Meter and invoice information were used to gather data. Stress sites determined by Aqueduct Extreme stress.
Disclosure Number: 303-4 Disclosure Title: Water discharge Reference/Response:
Total water discharge, by destination Megaliters
Surface water 11,410
Groundwater 97
Seawater 0
Third-party water 13,550
Total water discharge, by category* Megaliters
Freshwater (≤1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids) 24,960
Other water (>1,000 mg/L Total Dissolved Solids) 97
Total water discharge to all areas with water stress, by category* 1,377
*Accounts only for direct surface water discharges from GM facilities globally. Priority substances of concern for which discharges are treated: GM has established minimum standards for effluent discharges globally to protect water quality and human health. The GM standards were developed for appropriate industrial and sanitary wastewater pollutants in discharges from GM facilities. All GM facilities are subject to the GM standards, as well as applicable local/state/country discharge requirements and permit requirements. The GM standards are often more stringent.
Disclosure Number: 303-5 Disclosure Title: Water consumption Reference/Response:
Total water consumption Megaliters
From all areas 7,666
From all areas with water stress 588
GM calculates water consumption based on water withdrawal times and engineering calculation for evaporation of 30%. Using the formula withdrawal minus discharge provides close to zero consumption due to groundwater infiltration at plant sites. GM experiences water stress at three sites in Mexico and two sites in China. We have mitigated the risk by conservation, recycling or reusing wastewater in the manufacturing process. Additionally, at one site in China, the government has provided a backup source of water to mitigate water stress risk.
GRI 305: Emissions
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Reducing Carbon Emissions
Disclosure Number: 305-1 Disclosure Title: Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions Reference/Response: Baseline year 2010, which was the first full year of operation as the new General Motors Company, and includes all facilities under GM operational control. Calculation includes CO2, CH4 and N20. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC Good Practice Guidelines. 2020 GHG emissions are as follows: Gross direct emissions: 1,214,124 Metric tons CO2e
Disclosure Number: 305-2 Disclosure Title: Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions Reference/Response: Baseline year 2010, which was the first full year of operation as the new General Motors Company, and includes all facilities under GM operational control. Calculation includes CO2, CH4 and N20. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC. 2020 GHG emissions are as follows:
Gross location-based indirect emissions: 3,087,816 Metric tons CO2e Gross market-based indirect emissions: 2,599,822 Metric tons CO2e
Disclosure Number: 305-3 Disclosure Title: Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions Reference/Response: Calculation includes CO2, CH4, N20, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 and NF3. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC. This represents our Scope 3 emissions for 2020:
Gross other indirect emissions: 249,384,317 Metric tons CO2e
Disclosure Number: 305-4 Disclosure Title: GHG emissions intensity Reference/Response: 0.62 metric tons CO2e/vehicle
Calculated on the basis of 6,130,748 production vehicles; includes Scope 1 and 2 emissions and all GHG gases.
Disclosure Number: 305-5 Disclosure Title: Reduction of GHG emissions Reference/Response: 630,239 metric tons CO2
Calculated using GHG Protocol on the basis of year-over-year reduction in 2020 from 2019; and includes all GHG gases in Scope 1 and 2 emissions. We use internal project tracking tools to obtain this data.
Disclosure Number: 305-6 Disclosure Title: Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) Reference/Response: 13.28 metric tons
Calculation includes R-123, R-500, R-22, R-113, R141B, R-502, R-409A. Figures represent actual emissions; if actual emissions data was not available, an emission factor of 8.5% of the total equipment charge by refrigerant was used to estimate emissions. The 8.5% rate is based on the median range of leakage rates estimates provided by the IPCC Good Practice Guidelines and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (2000).
Disclosure Number: 305-7 Disclosure Title: Nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulfur oxides (SOX), and other significant air emissions Reference/Response: VOC emissions are composed of the following emission units: ELPO, Primer, Topcoat, Final Repair and Cleaning Solvents, which are considered the major sources of VOC emissions, such as maintenance painting, sealers, etc. These data include data from some GM JVs.
VOC (metric tons): 0.00211
NOX (metric tons): 1,388
SOX (metric tons): 26.2
GRI 306: Effluents and Waste
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Waste Minimization
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Waste Minimization
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Designing for the Environment—Waste Minimization
Disclosure Number: 306-1 Disclosure Title: Water discharge by quality and destination Reference/Response: Typically, effluent is treated via biological or physical/chemical methods, and in some instances by both. Water quality data is based on analytical testing.
Quality of the water, including treatment method Million m3
Direct discharge (to surface water body) 11.41
Indirect discharge (to treatment facility) 13.55
Discharge to groundwater 0.097
Disclosure Number: 306-2 Disclosure Title: Waste by type and disposal method Reference/Response: Includes hazardous and nonhazardous waste from manufacturing operations and some nonmanufacturing and JV facilities, excluding event waste from construction, demolition and remediation. Event waste is recycled to the greatest extent possible and tracked separately. Waste figures may also include vendor tooling used to produce proprietary GM parts.
Disposal Method
(Metric Tons)
Total Hazardous Nonhazardous
Reuse 51,907 912 50,995
Recycling 1,119,199 9,853 1,109,345
Composting 4,086 22 4,064
Recovery, including energy recovery 46,440 17,401 29,039
Incinerating (mass burn) 16,621 10,894 5,727
Deep well injection 0 0 0
Landfill 159,818 1,909 157,909
On-site storage 0 0 0
Other (includes microwaving, enclaves, plasma processing and other treatments) 11,771 4,140 7,631
Total 1,409,841 45,131 1,364,710
Disclosure Number: 306-3 Disclosure Title: Significant spills Reference/Response: There were zero significant spills in 2020.
Disclosure Number: 306-4 Disclosure Title: Transport of hazardous waste Reference/Response:
Metric tons of hazardous waste transported 3,023
Hazardous waste imported 0
Hazardous waste exported 0
Metric tons hazardous waste treated 440
Percent hazardous waste shipped internationally 0
Waste shipments are weighed and reported directly into centralized data reporting tool (GMR2) based on actual shipment weight. In the event actual weight is not available, internal procedures are in place to estimate and/or calculate weight based on standard industry practice.
  • Data provided is for U.S. only.
  • Values were rounded to the nearest whole number.
  • Hazardous waste is defined based on US EPA regulation.
  • Data does not include remediation, construction or demolition, which is consistent with our sustainability waste reporting.
  • Treatment is conducted off site and can consist of: solidification/stabilization, thermal treatment, wastewater treatment, other waste treatment or transfer to waste broker.
GRI 307: Environmental Compliance
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Environmental Governance; Global Environmental Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Environmental Governance; Global Environmental Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Environmental Governance
Disclosure Number: 307-1 Disclosure Title: Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Environmental Governance
GRI 308: Supplier Environmental Assessment
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 308-2 Disclosure Title: Negative environmental impacts in the supply chain and actions taken Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
GRI 400: Social
GRI 401: Employment
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Developing Talented People
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Developing Talented People
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Developing Talented People
Disclosure Number: 401-1 Disclosure Title: New employee hires and employee turnover Reference/Response: 11,843 global candidates hired
8.1% total U.S. turnover rate
7.0% voluntary U.S. turnover rate
Attrition data is U.S. Salary and Hourly population. 4,119 of 5,793, or 71%, of all voluntary turnover is attributable to retirements.
Disclosure Number: 401-2 Disclosure Title: Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees Reference/Response:
Country Benefits
U.S. Flexible service employees are eligible for the same benefits. However, they pay a higher monthly contribution for health care coverage.
Canada For Job Share employees, the Health Care Spending Account/Wellness contribution is 50% that of a full-time employee. They also pay a higher monthly contribution for health care coverage.
Countries with no differences in benefits full-time vs. part-time South America, Israel, Australia, New Zealand
Countries with no part‑time employees Mexico, China, South Korea, Thailand, UAE, Japan, Indonesia, India
Disclosure Number: 401-3 Disclosure Title: Parental leave Reference/Response: We provide U.S. salaried employees with up to 12 weeks of paid family care leave per year to take time off to care for a family member with a serious health condition or to bond with a new baby. This leave is in addition to the six to eight weeks of disability leave available to birth mothers. Employees are also eligible to apply for additional time off under GM’s Dependent Care Leave policy. This time off, while unpaid, provides job protection for up to 12 months.
GRI 402: Labor/Management Relations
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations
Disclosure Number: 402-1 Disclosure Title: Minimum notice periods regarding operational changes Reference/Response: Nearly all of our labor agreements call for regular meetings between top union officials and local GM management. We also have formal processes in place to notify all workers of work stoppages.
GRI 403: Occupational Health and Safety
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety, Global Workplace Safety Strategy
Disclosure Number: 403-1 Disclosure Title: Occupational health and safety management system Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-2 Disclosure Title: Hazard identification, risk assessment, and incident investigation Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-3 Disclosure Title: Occupational health services Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-4 Disclosure Title: Worker participation, consultation, and communication on occupational health and safety Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-5 Disclosure Title: Worker training on occupational health and safety Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-6 Disclosure Title: Promotion of worker health Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-7 Disclosure Title: Prevention and mitigation of occupational health and safety impacts directly linked by business relationships Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-8 Disclosure Title: Workers covered by an occupational health and safety management system Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-9 Disclosure Title: Work-related injuries Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Workplace Safety
Disclosure Number: 403-10 Disclosure Title: Work-related ill health Reference/Response:
Occupational Illness Frequency Rate
Employees (number/million work hours) 0.84
Data coverage (% of employees) 98%
Note: The above reflects 2019 data. 2020 data will be available in late 2021.
GRI 404: Training and Education
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Talent Development, Labor Relations—Worker Transitions
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Talent Development, Labor Relations—Worker Transitions
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Talent Development, Labor Relations—Worker Transitions
Disclosure Number: 404-1 Disclosure Title: Average hours of training per year per employee Reference/Response: 9.49 hours, excluding compliance training
Disclosure Number: 404-2 Disclosure Title: Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Talent Development, Labor Relations—Worker Transitions
Disclosure Number: 404-3 Disclosure Title: Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development reviews Reference/Response: 100% of eligible salaried employees receive regular performance and career development reviews.
GRI 405: Diversity and Equal Opportunity
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Fostering Diversity, Equity & Inclusion
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Fostering Diversity, Equity & Inclusion
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Fostering Diversity, Equity & Inclusion
Disclosure Number: 405-1 Disclosure Title: Diversity of governance bodies and employees Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance; Developing Talented People—GM Workforce Profile; Fostering Diversity, Equity & Inclusion—2020 Workforce Diversity Profile
Board Makeup:
Gender
Male 6
Female 7
Age Group
Under 30 Years 0
30-50 Years 0
50+ years 13
Diverse Race or Ethnicity
White 10
Diverse Race or Ethnicity 3
Disclosure Number: 405-2 Disclosure Title: Ratio of basic salary and remuneration of women to men Reference/Response: Salary information is based on annual salaries for the global salaried workforce.
Employee Level Female to Male Ratio
Executive Level
(base salary only)
104%
Executive Level (base salary + other cash incentives) 106%
Management Level
(base salary only)
100%
Management Level
(base salary + cash incentives)
100%
Nonmanagement Level 96%
GRI 407: Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations; ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Code of Conduct; Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations; ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Code of Conduct; Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Developing Talented People—Labor Relations; ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Code of Conduct; Supplier Code of Conduct
Disclosure Number: 407-1 Disclosure Title: Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining may be at risk Reference/Response: We have not identified any GM operations or Tier I suppliers for risks of this nature.
GRI 408: Child Labor
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing; Conflict Minerals Policy; Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing; Conflict Minerals Policy; Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing; Conflict Minerals Policy; Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 408-1 Disclosure Title: Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of child labor Reference/Response: We have not identified any GM operations or Tier I suppliers for risks of this nature.
GRI 409: Forced or Compulsory Labor
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing Conflict Minerals Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing Conflict Minerals Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing; Conflict Minerals Policy; Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 409-1 Disclosure Title: Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance, Raw Materials Sourcing
GRI 410: Security Practices
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Disclosure Number: 410-1 Disclosure Title: Security personnel trained in human rights policies or procedures Reference/Response: 100% of security personnel have completed Code of Conduct training, which includes human rights policies and procedures.
GRI 412: Human Rights Assessment
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Human Rights Policy
Disclosure Number: 412-2 Disclosure Title: Employee training on human rights policies or procedures Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights
Human Rights Policy
GRI 413: Local Communities
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities
Disclosure Number: 413-1 Disclosure Title: Operations with local community engagement, impact assessments, and development programs Reference/Response: Sustaining Communities—Community Development
GRI 414: Supplier Social Assessment
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility
Disclosure Number: 414-1 Disclosure Title: New suppliers that were screened using social criteria Reference/Response: Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance
100% of Tier I suppliers have expectations for social criteria outlined in our purchase contract terms and conditions.
Disclosure Number: 414-2 Disclosure Title: Negative social impacts in the supply chain and actions taken Reference/Response: We have not identified any Tier I suppliers for risks of this nature.
GRI 415: Public Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Political Contributions and Expenditures Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Corporate Governance
Disclosure Number: 415-1 Disclosure Title: Political contributions Reference/Response: https://investor.gm.com/static-files/2de4f1bf-8b86-4755-a59f-6cd0f5530883
GRI 416: Customer Health and Safety
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: Earning Customers for Life
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: Earning Customers for Life
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: Earning Customers for Life
Disclosure Number: 416-1 Disclosure Title: Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories Reference/Response: 100% of our vehicles are assessed for health and safety impacts.
Disclosure Number: 416-2 Disclosure Title: Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Vehicle Safety
2020 Form 10-K, page 86
GRI 418: Customer Privacy
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Cybersecurity
Global Privacy Policy;
Product Cybersecurity Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Cybersecurity
Global Privacy Policy
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Cybersecurity
Global Privacy Policy
Disclosure Number: 418-1 Disclosure Title: Substantiated complaints concerning breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data Reference/Response: In 2020, we did not have any substantiated customer privacy complaints from outside parties or regulatory bodies.
GRI 419: Socioeconomic Compliance
Disclosure Number: 103-1 Disclosure Title: Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance
Disclosure Number: 103-2 Disclosure Title: The management approach and its components Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance
Disclosure Number: 103-3 Disclosure Title: Evaluation of the management approach Reference/Response: ESG Governance—Ethics & Human Rights; Supporting Supplier Responsibility—Supply Chain Compliance
Disclosure Number: 419-1 Disclosure Title: Non-compliance with laws and regulations in the social and economic area Reference/Response: Keeping People Safe—Vehicle Safety
2020 Form 10-K, page 86