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Global Reporting Index

Strategy and Analysis

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-1

Statement from the most senior decision-maker of the organization about the relevance of sustainability to the organization and the organization’s strategy for addressing sustainability.

CEO Message

Organizational Profile

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-3

Name of the organization.

Profile; 10-K page 1

G4-4

Primary brands, products, and services.

Profile

G4-5

Location of the organization’s headquarters.

Detroit, Michigan

G4-6

Number of countries where the organization operates, and names of countries where either the organization has significant operations or that are specifically relevant to the sustainability topics covered in the report.

Profile; 10-K pages 2, 18

G4-7

Nature of ownership and legal form.

General Motors is a publicly held corporation incorporated in the state of Delaware. Our shares trade on the New York Stock Exchange and Toronto Stock Exchange.

G4-8

Markets served (including geographic breakdown, sectors served, and types of customers and beneficiaries).

Profile; 10-K pages 2-3

G4-9

Scale of the organization.

Profile; 10-K page 54

G4-10

  1. Total number of employees by employment contract and gender.
  2. Total number of permanent employees by employment type and gender.
  3. Total workforce by employees and supervised workers and by gender.
  4. Total workforce by region and gender.
  5. Whether a substantial portion of the organization’s work is performed by workers who are legally recognized as self-employed, or by individuals other than employees or supervised workers, including employees and supervised employees of contractors.
  6. Any significant variations in employment numbers (such as seasonal variations in employment in the tourism or agricultural industries).

Profile; Diversity & Inclusion – Workforce At-A-Glance

The majority of our workforce is comprised of GM employees. There are no significant variations in employment numbers.

G4-11

Percentage of total employees covered by collective bargaining agreements.

GM People – Labor Relations

G4-12

Description of supply chain.

Supply Chain – Approach

G4-13

Any significant changes during the reporting period regarding the organization’s size, structure, ownership or its supply chain.

There have been no significant changes during the reporting period.

G4-14

Whether and how the precautionary approach or principle is addressed by the organization.

GM does not follow the precautionary approach, but has a comprehensive risk management plan in place.

G4-15

Externally developed economic, environmental and social charters, principles, or other initiatives to which the organization subscribes or which it endorses.

  • CDP
  • Business for Innovative Climate & Energy Policy (BICEP) Coalition
  • United Nations Global Compact
  • U.S. Business for Climate Action

G4-16

Memberships of associations (such as industry associations) and national or international advocacy.

We work with automotive industry groups in many countries in which we operate, including, but not limited to, AAM (Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers), ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association), and the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries (FCAI) in Australia. Examples of other associations we work with include the Engine Manufacturers Association, Diesel Technology Forum, Electric Drive Transportation Association, Battery Electric Vehicle Coalition, and the Fuel Cell and Energy Association.

Identified Material Aspects and Boundaries

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-17

  1. All entities included in the organization’s consolidated financial statements or equivalent documents.
  2. Whether any entity included in the organization’s consolidated financial statements or equivalent documents is not covered by the report.

10-K page 1

G4-18

  1. The process for defining the report content and the aspect boundaries.
  2. How the organization has implemented the reporting principles for defining report content.

Reporting Practices

G4-19

All the material aspects identified in the process for defining report content.

Reporting Practices

G4-20

For each material aspect, the aspect boundary within the organization.

Reporting Practices

G4-21

For each material aspect, the aspect boundary outside of the organization.

Reporting Practices

 

Issue

Internal

External

Boundary

GRI Aspect(s)

Customer Satisfaction

 

X

Global

Economic Performance, Customer Health & Safety, Customer Privacy, Compliance

Fuel Efficiency &
CO2 Emissions

X

X

Global & Regional (with respect to product and manufacturing commitments)

Economic Performance, Emissions, Energy, Products & Services, Product Responsibility – Compliance

GM People

X

 

Global

Employment, Labor & Management Relations, Occupational Health & Safety, Training & Education, Grievance Mechanisms, Freedom of Association, Collective Bargaining, Child Labor, Forced or Compulsory Labor

Vehicle Safety

X

X

Global

Customer Health & Safety, Compliance

Diversity & Inclusion

X

X

Global

Diversity & Equal Opportunity, Equal Remuneration for Women & Men

Operational Impact

X

 

Global & Regional

Economic Performance, Energy, Emissions, Effluents & Waste

Supply Chain

 

X

Tier I Suppliers

Procurement Practices, Supplier Environmental Assessment, Supplier Assessment for Labor Practices, Freedom of Association & Collective Bargaining, Child Labor, Forced or Compulsory Labor, Supplier Human Rights Assessment

Community Impact

 

X

Global

Economic Performance, Indirect Economic Impacts, Training & Education, Local Communities

Innovation

X

X

Global

Economic Performance, Products & Services, Customer Health & Safety

G4-22

The effect of any restatements of information provided in previous reports, and the reasons for such restatements.

Any restatements, and reasons for such, are footnoted as part of the data presentation within the body of the report.

G4-23

Significant changes from previous reporting periods in the scope and aspect boundaries.

Changes have been noted in footnotes where applicable.

Stakeholder Engagement

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-24

List of stakeholder groups engaged by the organization.

Stakeholder Engagement

G4-25

Basis for identification and selection of stakeholders with whom to engage.

Stakeholder Engagement

G4-26

Approach to stakeholder engagement, including frequency of engagement by type and by stakeholder group, and an indication of whether any of the engagement was undertaken specifically as part of the report preparation process.

Stakeholder Engagement

G4-27

Key topics and concerns that have been raised through stakeholder engagement, and how the organization has responded to those key topics and concerns, including through its reporting. The stakeholder groups that raised each of the key topics and concerns.

Stakeholder Engagement

Report Profile

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-28

Reporting period (such as fiscal or calendar year) for information provided.

Reporting Practices

G4-29

Date of most recent previous report.

Reporting Practices

G4-30

Reporting cycle (such as annual, biennial).

Reporting Practices

G4-31

Contact point for questions regarding the report or its contents.

gm.sustainability@gm.com

G4-32

  1. ‘In accordance’ option the organization has chosen.
  2. GRI content index for the chosen option.
  3. Reference to the external assurance report, if the report has been externally assured.

Reporting Practices

G4-33

  1. Policy and current practice with regard to seeking external assurance for the report.
  2. If not included in the assurance report accompanying the sustainability report, the scope and basis of any external assurance provided.
  3. Relationship between the organization and the assurance providers.
  4. Whether the highest governance body or senior executives are involved in seeking assurance for the organization’s sustainability report.

Reporting Practices

Governance

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-34

Governance structure of the organization, including committees of the highest governance body; committees responsible for decision-making on economic, environmental and social impacts.

Governance

Ethics and Integrity

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response

G4-56

Values, principles, standards and norms of behavior such as codes of conduct and codes of ethics.

Ethics; Profile – Purpose

Economic

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Economic Performance
DMA
Annual Report pages 5-13
Innovation; Customer Satisfaction

G4-EC1

Direct economic value generated and distributed.

Annual Report pages 29-55

G4-EC2

Financial implications and other risks and opportunities for the organization’s activities due to climate change.

Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions; Operational Impact; 10-K page 8

G4-EC3

Coverage of the organization’s defined benefit plan obligations.

10-K page 77

G4-EC4

Financial assistance received from government.

GM did not receive any significant financial assistance from any government this year.

Indirect Economic Impacts
DMA
Community Impact

G4-EC8

Examples of the significant identified positive and negative indirect economic impacts the organization has.

Community Impact

Procurement Practices
DMA
Supply Chain

G4-EC9

Proportion of spending on local suppliers at significant locations of operation.

Supply Chain – Approach

The term “local suppliers” refers to suppliers operating in the country where a GM plant is located.

Environmental/Energy

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Energy
DMA
Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions; Operational Impact

G4-EN3

Energy consumption within the organization.

Energy Consumption

GJ

Comment

Total fuel consumption from nonrenewable sources

70,923,513

Includes all facility energy – electric and heat

Total fuel consumption from renewable sources

1,924,318

Includes electric solar, PPAs in Brazil and U.S. landfill gas

Total electricity consumption

28,729,331

All fuels minus purchased steam and delivered heat included in electric and heat

Heating consumption

38,900,745

Included in electric and heat (all fuels)

Cooling consumption

 

Steam consumption

1,794,894

Purchased steam and delivered heat (hot water)

Electricity sold

257,262,412

 

Heating sold

0

 

Cooling sold

0

 

Steam sold

0

 

Total Energy Consumption

72,847,831

 

G4-EN5

Energy intensity.

2.09 MWh per vehicle produced.

Energy Intensity was calculated based on the production of 9,689,043 vehicles and included all energy within the organization, both manufacturing and nonmanufacturing.

G4-EN6

Reduction of energy consumption.

4,387,279 GJ

All types of facility energy were included in the reductions. The basis for calculation is absolute reduction from activities in 2015. Standards, methodologies and assumptions used were good engineering practices.

G4-EN7

Reductions in energy requirements of products and services.

Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions; CDP Report

Emissions
DMA
Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions; Operational Impact

G4-EN15

Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1).

 

Metric tons CO2

Gross direct GHG emissions

2,054,543

Biogenic CO2 emissions

0

Baseline year is 2010, which was the first full year of operation as the new General Motors Corporation, and includes facilities under GM operational control. Calculation includes CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 and NF3. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC Good Practice Guidelines.

G4-EN16

Energy indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 2).

 

Metric tons CO2

Gross indirect GHG emissions

5,483,117

Baseline year is 2010, which was the first full year of operation as the new General Motors Corporation, and includes facilities under GM operational control. Calculation includes CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 and NF3. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC.

G4-EN17

Other indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 3).

 

Metric tons CO2

Gross other indirect GHG emissions

351,844,003

Calculation includes CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 and NF3. Reporting is based on GHG Protocol, and the source of emission factors is regulatory or IPCC.

G4-EN18

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity.

0.78 metric tons CO2e/vehicle

Calculated on the basis of 9,689,043 production vehicles; includes Scope 1 and 2 emissions and all GHG gases.

G4-EN19

Reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

388,708 metric tons CO2

Calculated using GHG Protocol on the basis of vehicle emission reduction targets since 2011; includes all GHG gases in Scope 3 emissions.

G4-EN20

Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).

1.3 metric tons

Calculation includes R-11, R-12, R-22, R-123, R-141B, R-500, R-401A, R-402A and R409A. Figure represents actual emissions; if actual emission data were not available, an emission factor of 8.5 percent of the total equipment charge by refrigerant was used to estimate emissions. The 8.5 percent rate is based on the median range of leakage rate estimates provided by the IPCC Good Practice Guidelines and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (2000).

G4-EN21

NOx, SOx, and other significant air emissions.

VOC
(k-tons)

NOx
(metric tons)

SOx
(metric tons)

28.9

1,654

42

VOC emissions are composed of the following emission units: ELPO, Primer, Topcoat, Final Repair and Cleaning Solvents, which are considered the major sources of VOC emissions from typical paint shops. Excluded are minor sources of VOC emissions, such as maintenance painting, sealers, etc. These data include data from some GM JVs.

Effluents and Waste
DMA
Operational Impact

G4-EN23

Total weight of waste by type and disposal method.

Disposal Method

In k-tons to the nearest whole number

Reuse

41

Recycling

1,991

Composting

4

Recovery, including energy recovery

154

Incineration (mass burn)

13

Deep well injection

Landfill

268

On-site storage

Minimal

Other (includes microwaving, enclaves, plasma processing and other treatments)

20

Includes hazardous and nonhazardous waste from manufacturing operations and some nonmanufacturing and JV facilities, excluding event waste from construction, demolition and remediation. Event waste is recycled to the greatest extent possible and tracked separately. Waste figures may also include vendor tooling used to produce proprietary GM parts.

Products and Services
DMA
Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions; Innovation

G4-EN27

Extent of impact mitigation of environmental impacts of products and services.

Fuel Efficiency & CO2 Emissions – Product Commitments

Supplier Environmental Assessment
DMA
Supply Chain

G4-EN32

Percentage of new suppliers that were screened using environmental criteria.

100%

Labor Practices and Decent Work

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Employment
DMA
Pending Data

G4-LA2

Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees, by significant locations of operation.

Pending Data

Management Relations
DMA
GM People

G4-LA4

Minimum notice periods regarding operational changes, including whether these are specific in collective agreements.

Nearly all of our labor agreements call for regular meetings between top union officials and local GM management. We also have formal processes in place to notify all workers of work stoppages.

Occupational Health and Safety
DMA
GM People – Safety

G4-LA5

Percentage of total workforce represented in formal joint management – worker health and safety committees that help monitor and advise on occupational health and safety programs.

100 percent, GM People

Training & Education
DMA
GM People – Career Development; Community Impact – Approach

G4-LA10

Programs for skills management and lifelong learning that support the continued employability of employees and assist them in managing their career endings.

Community Impact – Approach

Diversity and Equal Opportunity
DMA
Diversity & Inclusion

G4-LA12

Composition of governance bodies and breakdown of employees per employee category according to gender, age group, minority group membership, and other indicators of diversity.

Diversity & Inclusion – Workforce
At-A-Glance

(Board makeup pending shareholder approval at June, 2016 annual meeting)

Board of Directors – Gender

Male

Female

6

6

Board of Directors – Age Group

Under 30 Years

30-50 Years

50+ Years

0

0

12

Board of Directors – Diversity

White

African-American

Hispanic

Other

10

1

1

0

Equal Remuneration for Woman and Men
DMA
Diversity & Inclusion

G4-LA13

Ratio of basic salary and remuneration of women to men by employee category, by significant locations of operation.

Salary information is based on annual salaries for the U.S. salaried workforce.

Executive Level (base salary only): Female to Male ratio is 95.7 percent

Management Level (base salary only): Female to Male ratio is 96.1 percent

Non-Management Level (base salary only): Female to Male ratio is 94.3 percent

Supplier Assessment for Labor Practices
DMA
Supply Chain – Governance

G4-LA14

Percentage of new suppliers that were screened using labor practices criteria.

100 percent of Tier I suppliers have expectations for labor practices outlined in our purchase contract terms and conditions.

Grievance Mechanisms
DMA
GM People

G4-LA16

Number of grievances about labor practices filed, addressed and resolved through formal grievance mechanisms.

US Only - by rates

Current annual rate of open grievances: 18.16 per 100 employees

Current monthly rate of open grievances: 15.7 per 100 employees

Current annual rate of filed grievances: 2.39 per 100 employees

Current monthly rate of filed grievances: 2.3 per 100 employees

Human Rights

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining
DMA
GM People – Labor Relations; Supply Chain – Governance

G4-HR4

Operations and suppliers identified in which the right to exercise freedom of association and collective bargaining may be violated or at significant risk, and measures taken to support these rights.

We have not identified any GM operations or Tier 1 suppliers for risks of this nature.

Child Labor
DMA
GM People – Labor Relations; Supply Chain – Governance

G4-HR5

Operations and suppliers identified as having significant risk for incidents of child labor and measures taken to contribute to the effective abolition of child labor.

We have not identified any GM operations or Tier 1 suppliers for risks of this nature.

Forced or Compulsory Labor
DMA
GM People – Labor Relations; Supply Chain – Governance

G4-HR6

Operations and suppliers identified as having significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor and measures to contribute to the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labor.

We have not identified any GM operations or Tier 1 suppliers for risks of this nature.

Security Practices
DMA
Ethics

G4-HR7

Percentage of security personnel trained in the organization’s human rights policies or procedures that are relevant to operations.

Ethics

Supplier Human Rights Assessment
DMA
Supply Chain – Governance

G4-HR10

Percentage of new suppliers that were screened using human rights criteria.

100 percent of Tier I suppliers have expectations for human rights outlined in our purchase contract terms and conditions.

G4-HR11

Significant actual and potential negative human rights impacts in the supply chain and actions taken.

Supply Chain – Governance

We have not identified any Tier 1 suppliers for risks of this nature.

Society

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Local Communities
DMA
Community Impact; Stakeholder Engagement

G4-SO1

Percentage of operations with implemented local community engagement, impact assessments, and development programs.

Community Impact – Approach; Commitments – Community Outreach

G4-SO2

Operations with significant actual and potential negative impacts on local communities.

Community Impact – Approach

G4-SO9

Percentage of new suppliers that were screened using criteria for impacts on society.

100 percent of Tier 1 suppliers have expectations for responsible business practices outlined in our purchase contract terms and conditions.

Supply Chain – Governance

Product Responsibility

Profile Disclosure
Description
Reference/Response
Customer Health and Safety
DMA
Customer Satisfaction – Approach; Vehicle Safety

G4-PR1

Percentage of significant product and service categories for which health and safety impacts are assessed for improvement.

100 percent of our vehicles are assessed for health and safety impacts.

G4-PR2

Total number of incidents of non-compliance with regulations and voluntary codes concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services during their life cycle, by type of outcome.

10-K pages 25, 85-89

Customer Privacy
DMA
Customer Satisfaction – Customer Privacy and Cybersecurity

G4-PR8

Total number of substantiated complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data.

GM received no material complaints during 2015.

Compliance
DMA
Customer Satisfaction – Approach, Product Quality, Customer Experience; Vehicle Safety – Approach, Safety Organization

G4-PR9

Monetary value of significant fines for non-compliance with laws and regulations concerning the provision and use of products and services.

10-K pages 25, 85-89